According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, problem drinking that becomes severe and unmanageable is given the medical diagnosis of “alcohol use disorder”. AUD is a chronic and relapsing brain disease characterized by a pattern of severe alcohol abuse that leads to negative health consequences.
Some of the symptoms associated with an alcohol use disorder include:
- Strong cravings
- Compulsive alcohol use
- Difficulty controlling how much is consumed
- Abandoning other priorities in order to drink
- Building a tolerance for alcohol
- Experiencing physical withdrawal when usage is stopped or decreased
The fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has laid out a thorough description of symptoms for medical professionals to diagnose an alcohol use disorder. Under DSM–5, anyone meeting any two of the 11 criteria during the same 12-month period would receive a diagnosis of AUD. The severity of an AUD—mild (2-3), moderate (4-5), or severe (6 or more)—is based on the number of criteria met.
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The above-mentioned criteria are as follows:
- Have you had times when you ended up drinking more or longer than you intended?
- Have you more than once wanted to cut down or stop drinking, or tried to, but couldn’t?
- Have you spent a lot of time drinking or being sick or getting over other aftereffects?
- Have you ever wanted a drink so badly you couldn’t think of anything else?
- Have you found that drinking—or being sick from drinking—often interfered with taking care of your home or family? Or caused job troubles? Or school problems?
- Have you continued to drink even though it was causing trouble with your family or friends?
- Have you given up or cut back on activities that were important or interesting to you, or gave you pleasure, in order to drink?
- Have you gotten into situations while or after drinking that increased your chances of getting hurt (such as driving, swimming, using machinery, walking in a dangerous area, or having unsafe sex) more than once?
- Have you continued to drink even though it was making you feel depressed or anxious or adding to another health problem? Or after having had a memory blackout?
- Have you had to drink much more than you once did to get the effect you want? Or found that your usual number of drinks had much less effect than before?
- Have you found that when the effects of alcohol were wearing off, you had withdrawal symptoms, such as trouble sleeping, shakiness, restlessness, nausea, sweating, a racing heart, or a seizure? Or sensed things that were not there?
Although only a licensed mental health professional is able to make a formal diagnosis, the newest updates to the DSM allow for the general population to identify if they should consider getting help with their alcohol abuse disorder.
To learn more about how to get help for alcohol abuse and alcohol addiction, contact our admissions professionals at (855) 638-9268 today. We can help you find the rehab center that best fits your particular needs and design a customized treatment plan to ensure your success in recovery.