Marijuana

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marijuanaWhat is Marijuana?

Marijuana is derived from the cannabis plant. Cannabis is dried out and can be smoked, vaporized or baked into food. This drug is consumed both for recreational and medical purposes (in some states). In the medical community it is said to relieve stress and pain when used. Those who use it for recreational purposes do it to get “high”. It produces them a calming sensation they enjoy.

Street names include:

  • Weed
  • Dope
  • Pot
  • Mary Jane
  • Ganja
  • Grass
  • Reefer

What are the Signs of Marijuana Abuse?

Knowing the signs of marijuana abuse can help you to determine if someone you love is using the drug. Some common signs that may indicate abuse include:

  • Lethargy
  • Increase in appetite
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Weight gain
  • Paranoia or nervous behavior
  • Impaired motor skills
  • Limited or delayed reflexes and reaction time

Long-term effects of marijuana abuse include:

  • Memory loss
  • Trouble learning or retaining new information
  • Lung infections
  • Changes in mood or behavior
  • Slowed or impaired mental development
  • Panic attacks


What are the Signs of Marijuana Addiction?Marijuana Addiction

The biggest indication of a marijuana addiction is the constant cravings and consumption of the drug despite any negative consequences it may be causing. Once someone needs marijuana to feel normal or to function normally throughout their day, they are addicted. Another sign of addiction is the presence of withdrawal symptoms when the person stops using the drug.

Withdrawal symptoms associated with cannabis include:

  • Depression
  • Stomach pains
  • Nausea
  • Cravings
  • Sweating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Mood changes
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Chills
  • Headaches

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Addiction Treatment

For people with a severe physical or psychological addiction to marijuana, inpatient residential rehab programs are the best and most effective treatment option. They are able to benefit from constant supervision, a strict daily schedule, and a safe environment where outside negative influences cannot affect their recovery. It is the most intensive type of treatment method and as a result, produces higher success rates.

If a person is not suffering from a severe psychological addiction and not at risk to themselves or others, then an intensive outpatient rehab program can work for them. It is also a great way for people coming out of an intensive inpatient program to continue their recovery. They are able to maintain their freedom, and attend to things like work or school while the treatment takes place at a time that best suits them. In order for an outpatient program to be most effective, the person should have a strong support system and commitment to sobriety.


Relapse Prevention

When people return to their lives after rehab, they often become overwhelmed by situations in their life and can easily get to a point where they feel that drug abuse is the only answer. Relapse prevention is therefore a crucial part of a treatment program. It teaches the patient to recognize the stages of relapse so that they can take action to stop future drug use. These techniques and strategies are an important part of long-term recovery, and include going to support group meetings, using healthy coping skills, and reaching out to a supportive person or sponsor during times of stress.

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Sources

  1. “Marijuana (Cannabis) | SAMHSA – Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration”. Samhsa.gov. N.p., 2017. Web. 30 Oct. 2016.
  2. Abuse, N. I. (n.d.). Marijuana. Retrieved October 30, 2016, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana
  3. Abuse, N. I. (n.d.). Nationwide Trends. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/nationwide-trends
  4. Behavioral Health Trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health [PDF]. (2015, September). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Last updated on April 7th, 2017 at 08:22 pm