One of the most powerful synthetic opioids on the market, Dilaudid is the brand name for hydromorphone . Also known as diydromorphinone, this drug is a potent opioid analgesic and widely abused narcotic. It is prescribed by doctors in some situations to treat acute and chronic pain conditions.
Dilaudid is abused for its euphoric qualities. It is available in a range of formulations and can be taken orally, rectally, or via epidural or through injections. This drug is highly addictive when abused and can easily lead to overdose due to the small amount of powder needed for a single dose.
People who abuse this drug on a regular basis are also likely to develop physical and psychological dependence. They can experience both physical and emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms once they stop using. Opioid drug abuse is also known to increase the risk of numerous psychological and mental health conditions, including anxiety and depression disorders. A 2007 study reported that people who used Dilaudid for nonmedical reasons were at a greater risk of partaking in substance abuse-related behaviors.
Dilaudid and other opioid drugs are associated with distinct physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Medical intervention often needed to manage these symptoms.
Some of these symptoms can cause additional problems if left untreated. A medical detox procedure and long-term pharmacotherapy programs are recommended for the treatment of this addiction. Medical detox allows the patients to be slowly weaned off the addictive substance while under medical supervision. Various drugs can be used to alleviate and manage withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is often prescribed during detox to help stabilize patients prior to rehab. Buprenorphine and other drugs can also be administered when needed.
While medical detox helps patients stop using opioids and helps to manage their withdrawal symptoms, it does not address the underlying psychological aspects of drug addiction. Rehab is designed to treat the environmental and emotional precursors of drug addiction and put measures in place to promote long-term recovery.
Inpatient rehab programs are the best and most effective form of treatment for opioid addiction. With strict daily routines and therapeutic modalities, inpatient rehab helps recovering addicts learn new habits and behaviors. Outpatient rehab programs are also available for those who need treatment, but cannot leave their responsibilities at home or work. Traditional programs like individual counseling, group therapy and 12 step programs are an integral part of the recovery process. Alternative treatments like yoga, art therapy and acupuncture can also aid in the treatment of addiction.
Relapse prevention also plays an important role in this process. Recovering opioid addicts learn how to identify triggers and avoid dangerous situations that may lead to relapse.
HYDROMORPHONE [PDF]. (2013, July). Drug Enforcement Administration Office of Diversion Control.
Smith, M. Y., Haddox, J. D., & Di, M. E. (n.d.). Correlates of nonmedical use of hydromorphone and hydrocodone:results from a national household survey. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18032351
Last updated on June 21st, 2017 at 07:32 pm