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dilaudid pills all colors and sizesWhat is Dilaudid?

One of the most powerful synthetic opioids on the market, Dilaudid is the brand name for hydromorphone . Also known as diydromorphinone, this drug is a potent opioid analgesic and widely abused narcotic. It is prescribed by doctors in some situations to treat acute and chronic pain conditions.

Dilaudid is abused for its euphoric qualities. It is available in a range of formulations and can be taken orally, rectally, or via epidural or through injections. This drug is highly addictive when abused and can easily lead to overdose due to the small amount of powder needed for a single dose.

What are the Effects of Dilaudid?

The adverse effects of Dilaudid are similar to those for other opioid drugs, including heroin and morphine.

Possible negative effects that can occur from taking this drug include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Urinary retention
  • Dizziness
  • Sedation
  • Itching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Excessive sweating
  • Hallucinations

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Effects of Dilaudid People who abuse this drug on a regular basis are also likely to develop physical and psychological dependence. They can experience both physical and emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms once they stop using. Opioid drug abuse is also known to increase the risk of numerous psychological and mental health conditions, including anxiety and depression disorders. A 2007 study reported that people who used Dilaudid for nonmedical reasons were at a greater risk of partaking in substance abuse-related behaviors.

What are the Signs of Dilaudid Addiction?

If someone you care about is addicted to Dilaudid, they may exhibit some of the following signs:

  • Mood swings including high energy to severe depression
  • Problems with breathing
  • Ingesting laxatives to help with constipation
  • Poor coordination and decreased motor skills
  • Lapses in consciousness
  • Needing more of the drug to achieve the same effect – tolerance
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking the drug  (see the list below)

Dilaudid Withdrawal and Detox

Dilaudid and other opioid drugs are associated with distinct physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Medical intervention often needed to manage these symptoms.

Common withdrawal symptoms of Dilaudid addiction include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Strong cravings
  • Diarrhea
  • Shaking
  • Restlessness
  • Tremors
  • Cramping
  • Cold sweats
  • Involuntary limb movements
  • Abdominal pain
  • Muscle and bone pains
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia

Some of these symptoms can cause additional problems if left untreated. A medical detox procedure and long-term pharmacotherapy programs are recommended for the treatment of this addiction. Medical detox allows the patients to be slowly weaned off the addictive substance while under medical supervision. Various drugs can be used to alleviate and manage withdrawal symptoms. Methadone is often prescribed during detox to help stabilize patients prior to rehab. Buprenorphine and other drugs can also be administered when needed.

Rehabilitation for Dilaudid Addiction

While medical detox helps patients stop using opioids and helps to manage their withdrawal symptoms, it does not address the underlying psychological aspects of drug addiction. Rehab is designed to treat the environmental and emotional precursors of drug addiction and put measures in place to promote long-term recovery.

Inpatient rehab programs are the best and most effective form of treatment for opioid addiction. With strict daily routines and therapeutic modalities, inpatient rehab helps recovering addicts learn new habits and behaviors. Outpatient rehab programs are also available for those who need treatment, but cannot leave their responsibilities at home or work. Traditional programs like individual counseling, group therapy  and 12 step programs are an integral part of the recovery process. Alternative treatments like yoga, art therapy and acupuncture can also aid in the treatment of addiction.

Relapse prevention also plays an important role in this process. Recovering opioid addicts learn how to identify triggers and avoid dangerous situations that may lead to relapse.

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  1. HYDROMORPHONE [PDF]. (2013, July). Drug Enforcement Administration Office of Diversion Control.
  2. Smith, M. Y., Haddox, J. D., & Di, M. E. (n.d.). Correlates of nonmedical use of hydromorphone and hydrocodone:results from a national household survey. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18032351

Last updated on April 7th, 2017 at 07:15 pm